Humboldt-Universität zu Berlin - Philosophy, Science and the Sciences

Maxim Roozen


Dissertation Project:

My project focuses on Aristotelian logic in Jewish kalām literature. Although the names of Muslim philosophers such as al-Fārābī and Ibn Sīnā may come to mind first when thinking of the development of Arabic logic, works written by Jewish thinkers in (Judeo-)Arabic attest from their earliest instances a strong interest in logic too.

Central to my dissertation project are three texts: Dāwūd ibn Marwān al-Muqammaṣ’s (first half 9th c. CE) theological summa ‘Išrūn  Maqāla (Twenty Chapters); Kitāb al-Amānāt wa-l-I‘tiqādāt (The Book of Beliefs and Opinions), the main philosophical work of Rav Saadya Gaon (c. 882/892 – 942 CE); and Kitāb al-Anwār wa-l-Marāqib (The Book of Lights and Watchtowers), the major extant legal-theological work of Karaite thinker Yaʿqūb al-Qirqisānī (first half 10th c. CE).

In my dissertation, I aim to shed led light on the importance of the Syriac philosophical tradition for the early reception of Aristotelian logic in the Islamicate world in general, and for works of kalām in particular. Moreover, I will show that these three authors were interested in different parts of the Aristotelian logical corpus for several reasons, chiefly among them for its employment in religious polemics and within inner-Jewish debates.


Publications (peer-reviewed):

“Sources of Franz Rosenzweig’s Critique of Islam in Der Stern der Erlösung” in Jewish Studies Quarterly (forthcoming)


Short CV:

2019                M.A. in Religious Studies, Humboldt University of Berlin


2019                Visiting Graduate Student, Hebrew University of Jerusalem


2015                M.A. in Philosophy, University of Amsterdam


2014                Erasmus Exchange, Free University of Berlin


2013                B.A. in Philosophy, University of Amsterdam


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